Dyslexia is known as a reading disorder, it is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence. For reading to occur, the brain needs to connect letters to sounds, put those sounds in the right order, and pull the words together into sentences and paragraphs that we can read and comprehend.
Symptoms may include difficulties spelling words, reading quickly, and writing words.
A child with dyslexia struggle to:
- Read fluently
- Spell words correctly
- Learn a second language
Dyslexia is a lifetime struggle. Although individuals with dyslexia can be very intelligent since reading disorders do not tamper with the IQ. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can occur in people with dyslexia.
Characteristics of Dyslexia and How Parents/Teachers Can Be of Help
Most times, dyslexia is usually noticed in the preschool by teachers. I believe parents can also notice these characteristics and give solutions to it.
1. They feel dumb
Children with dyslexia often have a low self-esteem. They are easily frustrated and emotional about school reading or testing.
- Ask your child to recite whatever he/she learnt in school. After recitation, make sure you applaud your child. Tell your child how intelligent he is and how he can pass the test if he can put all he recited into written form.
- To help him overcome frustration, teachers should give him/her extra time during tests and exams.
- Do not hasten your child to do assignments.
2. Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstration, experimentation, observation, and visual aids.
Teachers and parents should employ the use of visuals in teaching
3. Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences or verbal explanation
Teachers and parents should try as much to separate letters well.
For example, there should be enough spacing in his book
Parents can represent each letter with a unique name, picture. It will stick to his brain
4. Reads and rereads with little comprehension
- Read the book to him. Explain what the book says.
- Use the ‘visual’ method of teaching. For example, the child is to read a comprehension of the elephant and the tortoise, explain the attribute of the elephant and that of the tortoise.
- Then read the story to him, explain the story and make the best fun out of it. After rereading the story, ask him to explain his version of the story.
5. Difficulty putting thoughts into words
Children suffering from dyslexia most times stutter when speaking
- Instead of helping him complete his statement, calm down and listen to every word he says
- Helping him complete his sentence shows that you are impatient and it can make him develop low self-esteem.
6. Easily distracted by sounds
- He should be taught in an extreme serene environment.
- As parents, when doing his assignment, turn off the TV, play stations, and MP3
7. Unusually high or low tolerance for pain
- Help him/her pull through the pain experience
8. Can be an extra deep or light sleep
Bed wetting beyond approximate age can also be present.
Wake him/her during sleep at Intervals
9. Unusually early or late developmental stages
This includes talking, crawling and tying shoes.
- Teach him/her to basics.
- Tell him to call ‘daddy, mummy’ and the names of his siblings
Have you ever had any experience with a child who suffers from dyslexia child? How did you handle it or how are you handling it?
Feel free to share with me in the comments below and share this post with others, especially with parents and teachers.